The main muscle being worked out is chest, especially the mid and the lower section. Triceps and shoulders are involved too.
For beginner, do this exercise with barbell or Smith machine. The reason I am recommending barbell or Smith machine instead of dumbbell because you definitely need a spotter if you are using dumbbell.
- Set a decline bench at about 30 to 45 degrees and position it under the Smith machine.
- Keep your buttocks, back, shoulders, and head positioned on the incline bench.
- For beginner, do not put any weight on the bar and test the bench position by getting on the bench and lowering the bar down. The bar should come to your lower chest (not touching though).
- Add the weight. Grip the bar slightly outside shoulder width.
- Slowly lower the bar to your chest and raise back up. Inhale when you lower the bar.
- Exhale when you push the bar up. Do not lock your elbows at the top of the exercise.
- Do 3 sets with 8 to 12 repetitions in each set.
- Do not bounce the weight off your chest to gain momentum.
- Because of the decline bench press angle, if you drop the weight, the impact can be quite bad. Use spotter if you are going to lift heavy weight.
- The more narrow the grip, the more you involve your triceps. The wider the grip the more the outer area of the chest is worked.
- Do not stay on the bench too long because blood may fill up your head and pressure can build up.
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