Sunburns are caused by ultraviolet (UV) radiation rather than heat. It is possible to get sunburns on snowy days. Sunburn starts with an initial redness of the skin, then some degrees of pain and may cause blistering. In short, sunburns casuse damage to our skin, which controls the amount of heat our bodies retain or release, holds in fluids, and protects us from infection.
It is important to prevent sunburn from happening. However, if it is too late, knowing how to treat it will be important.
How To Treat Sunburn and Get Well From Sunburn
- If you have fever or dizziness together with many blisters covering your entire arm or whole back or abdomen, seek medication attention immediately. Blistering means the skin is completely damaged and complications are likely. Do not burst the blister as this can cause serious infection.
- Stay out from the sun. It is NOT true that once you get burned, you will not get worse. Yes, you will.
- The first shower you take after getting the burn, instead of using hot water, use warm water to rinse the area. This opens the pores and releases the trapped heat in your skin. Avoid soap on burned areas because it strip the skin of natural oil that your body needs to heal the skin. Keep the area cool afterwards.
- Use the aloe vera plant. Cut it down the length of the leaf and open it, revealing the inner. Rub the clear gelatinous inner over the burned area.
Aloe vera contains natural anti-inflammatory chemicals which reduce the swelling. Repeat as often as you like. If you are not able to get Aloe Vera, use lotion to help the sunburn heal faster. Banana Boat Aloe Vera Gel is effective, and feels especially soothing when previously cooled in a refrigerator. You can purchase other lotion but make sure alow vera is the top ingredient. However, a natural Aloe Vera plant is still more effective then gels.
- If you have few open blisters on your burns, apply Bacitracin, 2 times a day. This will help with the healing and to reduce the chance in getting an infection. Do not use petroleum jelly. This product holds in the heat, thus increasing the pain for you.
- Wear loose-fitting cotton clothing that will not irritate the affected areas. Avoid man-made ones like polyester because it rubs harshly against the skin and make a burn feel much worse. Wear silks or light cottons.
- Use a cool damp cloth and rest it on the spots where you are burned it will help keep them cool and reduce the burning feeling.
- Do not put ice on a sun burned area because you may get end up having “ice burn” which can be almost as painful as sunburn.
- Drink lots of water. When you have a sunburn you get dehydrated easily. Avoid alcoholic beverage because it may increase the risk of becoming dehydrated.
- Do not break the skin or peel the dead skin off forcefully. This will cause more pain for you. Let them peel naturally. If your sunburn starts peeling, it may begin to itch as well. Try not to scratch, which can cause further damage. Apply calamine lotion to alleviate itching.
For Your Knowledge
Our bodies protect us from sunburn by producing melanin. Melanin is the pigment that give dark color to our skin. People who naturally produce more melanin have darker skin and they are less affected by the sun’s rays. This means that the people who are most susceptible to sunburn are fair-skinned people, who do not tan easily, as they produce little melanin.
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